Moving Beyond Teamwork in the Operating Room to Facilitating Mutual Professional Respect

ABSTRACT

Psychological safety enables the interpersonal risk-taking necessary for providing safer patient care in the operating room (OR). Limited studies look at psychological safety in the OR from the perspectives of each highly specialized team member. Therefore, we investigated each member’s perspective on the factors that influence psychological safety in the OR. Interviews were conducted with operative team members of a level 1 trauma center in central Texas. The interviews were transcribed, de-identified, and coded by two investigators independently, and thematic analysis was performed. Responses were collected from 21 participants representing all surgical team roles (attending surgeons, attending anesthesiologists, circulating nurses, nurse anesthetists, scrub techs, and residents). Circulating nurse responses were redacted for confidentiality (n = 1). Six major themes influencing psychological safety in the OR were identified. Psychological safety is essential to better, safer patient care. Establishing a climate of mutual respect and suspended judgment in an OR safe for learning will lay the foundation for achieving psychological safety in the OR. Team exercises in building rapport and mutual understanding are important starting points.

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Faculty credentials/disclosure 

Dr. Adair White is a health professions educator at MGH Institute with expertise in organizational psychology and educational leadership. Dr. Papaconstantinou serves as chair of the Department of Surgery at Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Temple with expertise in quality, safety, efficiency, and leadership in surgery. Dr. Lin was a general surgery resident at the time the study was conducted and will resume her studies as a radiology resident. The authors and planner for this educational activity have no relevant financial relationship(s) to disclose with ineligible companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing health care products used by or on patients.

Process

Click the take course button, pay any relevant fee, take the quiz, complete the evaluation, and claim your CME credit.  You must achieve 100% on the quiz with unlimited attempts available.

  • By completing this process, you are attesting that you have read the journal article.
  • By claiming ABIM MOC credit you are providing permission to have your data uploaded into the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) system for transfer to the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).

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Expiration date:

Credit eligibility for this article is set to expire on January 1, 2025.

Target Audience

All physicians

Learning Objectives

After completing the article, the learner should be able to:

  • Identify six major themes of psychological safety within the operating room.
  • Describe positive influencers of psychological safety.
  • Describe negative influencers of psychological safety.
  • List ways to encourage or build psychological safety.
Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) MOC Part 2
    Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.00 MOC points in the American Board of Medicine’s (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. It is the CME activity provider’s responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.
  • 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit
    The A. Webb Roberts Center for Continuing Medical Education of Baylor Scott & White Health is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
  • 1.00 Attendance
Course opens: 
01/01/2023
Course expires: 
01/01/2025
Cost:
$25.00
Rating: 
0

Accreditation

The A. Webb Roberts Center for Continuing Medical Education of Baylor Scott & White Health is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Designation

AMA PRA Category 1 Credit

The A. Webb Roberts Center for Continuing Medical Education of Baylor Scott & White Health designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification (MOC)

Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1 MOC point in the American Board of Internal Medicine’s (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. It is the CME activity provider’s responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

Available Credit

  • 1.00 American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) MOC Part 2
    Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.00 MOC points in the American Board of Medicine’s (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. It is the CME activity provider’s responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.
  • 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit
    The A. Webb Roberts Center for Continuing Medical Education of Baylor Scott & White Health is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
  • 1.00 Attendance

Price

Cost:
$25.00
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