The acute respiratory distress syndrome
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a prevalent cause of acute respiratory failure with high rates of mortality, as well as short- and long-term complications, such as physical and cognitive impairment. Therefore, early recognition of this syndrome and application of well-demonstrated therapeutic interventions are essential to change the natural course of this entity and bring about positive clinical outcomes. In this article, we review updated concepts in ARDS. Specifically, we discuss the current definition of ARDS, its risk factors, and the evidence supporting ventilation management, adjunctive therapies, and interventions required in refractory hypoxemia. Please click here to subscribe to BUMC Proceedings
Category
  • BUMC Proceedings
Format
  • Journal
Credits
  • American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) MOC Part 2 Medical Knowledge
  • AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • Attendance
Advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
Patients suffering advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) account for a large portion of patients admitted to hospitals worldwide. Mortality and 30-day readmission rates for HFrEF are now a focus of value-based payment models, making management of this disease a priority for hospitals, physicians, and payers alike. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been the cornerstone of therapy for decades. However, with treatment, the prognosis for patients with advanced HFrEF remains poor. Fortunately, advances in medical therapy and mechanical support offer some patients improvement in both survival and quality of life. We review advances in short- and long-term mechanical support and explore changes to organ allocation for cardiac transplantation. In addition, we provide a guide to facilitate appropriate referral to an advanced heart failure team.
Category
  • BUMC Proceedings
Format
  • Journal
Credits
  • American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) MOC Part 2 Medical Knowledge
  • AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • Attendance